Управление запасами в малом бизнесе: принципы и лучшие практики
Arranging stock in your warehouse can be a tough and often confusing endeavor but there are many ways to ensure successful management and control even if you run a small service business.
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One of the top things that define a successful company is its ability to properly maintain inventory. This means that you have both the right product, and the right amount of this product. It also means that you need to manage your warehouse space well by storing everything you need at the right place. If you are looking for proven ways to establish a profitable warehouse in your company, this article is for you.
Inventory management is the process of organizing and optimizing the flow of materials and their storage over time. This includes maintaining a stock of raw materials, consumables, ready-to-sell goods, or spare parts. It can be broken down into two major components: planning and execution.
Planning your inventory is the first step when trying to figure out how much of a given item you should be ordering. You can always order more than you need to make sure that there are enough goods available in case of high demand. But it’s also crucial to not overstock your storage space and wind up with a bunch of inventory that you don't need. When you order your inventory, take into account the number of items each order contains, how many items you want in your stock room at a time, and your ordering frequency.
There are a few basic principles you should follow when building out your company’s warehouse management system to keep your supply well balanced and to control expenditures. Consider the following:
1. Stock levels. It is important to make sure you know your fast- and slow-sellers before ordering new batches. This is when knowing the usage trends of the particular product comes in handy.
2. Delivery time. When calculating the minimum and maximum stock levels, take into account how fast you can receive products you order to refill your stock. Then, make sure your software for managing inventory notifies you when they are running low. E.g. in Orderry, you’ll see such items marked red in the stock list:
Display of low-in-stock items in Orderry
3. Physical storage space. Before ordering make sure that the storage space is capable to store a variety of products you need for your business operations.
4. Cost of warehouse storage. Research carefully before deciding what product mix is the best option for your business and what budget you’ll need.
Keeping records of your inventory is a challenging task that involves lots of manual work. The good news is — you can automate some processes. There are many tools out there like special devices and software solutions that will save you hours of time. For example, mobile scanners can be used to scan incoming shipments and automatically create a purchase order in the system. This will eliminate the need to count, document, and update the inventory.
The main purpose of stock control is to keep records of every action done to items in your warehouse. You should commit yourself and your team to do this regularly for at least four reasons: make operations run smoothly, prevent loss or damage, eliminate theft, and get valuable analysis of inventories to optimize cost. E.g. in Orderry, there is an Assortment Analysis Report that will inform you about what goods or categories are often used in services you offer and how much profit they generate for your business.
Screenshot of the Assortment Analysis Report feature in Orderry
In order to avoid any unnecessary expenses, small businesses should continuously improve their processes and try out different approaches. Focus on avoiding keeping a product in stock when the customer flow is decreasing while optimizing your procurement procedure to be ready to take advantage of sales opportunities. Have a look at the following inventory improvement ideas:
1. Commitment: Commit to a quantity and delivery schedule for items your company needs and know in advance what you will do in the event of stockouts.
2. Diversification: Order smaller quantities of a broad range of items.
3. Multiple-Location Inventory: If one location needs an additional order for an item, simultaneously order it from another location. E.g. When using Orderry, you can create digital warehouses for each of your locations and quickly perform product transfers.
Digital warehouses in Orderry
4. Model-Based Ordering: Carefully manage your inventory by keeping track of the items sold and the items stocked — order enough of those items to assure continuous availability. Instead of relying on your suppliers to tell you how much inventory to order, you can make the choice yourself by modeling how your sales are likely to continue.
5. Blanket Purchase Orders: Find reliable suppliers to build good relationships and ensure regular deliveries on attractive terms. Blanket purchase orders are preferred when the inventory doesn’t need to be replenished often or when you can afford to have a one-time wait for a stocked item.
6. Smart Inventory Controlling System: choose a solution that gathers all the important information and provides the data and reports for planning and decision making. With good software in place, you’ll use your inventory smarter, therefore saving you money.
When working with inventory, it's important to know that it's not just about the physical goods that you sell in your shop but it's also about what you'll need to buy, when to order, and how to keep records of everything that is going on in your warehouse. Remember that inventory management is an ongoing process that needs to be constantly monitored and adjusted for the changing needs of your company. Use automation tools and test different methods to optimize your stock management, save time, and keep your inventory moving.